English is used by over 900 million people throughout the world, with about 335 million of those being native speakers.

It is currently the international, and is used in cross cultural business, travel and politics.

English evolved from a West Germanic Language, and has taken words and forms from a variety of other languages including Greek, Latin, Iceland, and French.

The English alphabet has 26 letters, an uppercase (capitals) and a lowercase form.

The English phonetic alphabet has 24 consonant sounds and 22 vowel and diphthong sounds.

The apostrophe ', is not considered as a letter, but is widely used within everyday written communications.  It is used to contract words making the writing process quicker and the spoken version more fluent.

The apostrophe does cause difficulties when reading English, as the contractions make words that have similar written forms but completely different meanings.

For Example:

She would/She had -      she'd - similar word - Shed (noun: garden building, Verb: get rid of)

it is or it has -                 it’s -     similar word -              its (possession or belonging)

we are -                          we’re - similar word - Were - the past tense of 'are'

The plural 's' also causes confusion with the apostrophe '.  Read carefully.

Letter Name Phonetic pronunciation
A A /ˈeɪ/, /æ/
B Bee /ˈbiː/
C Cee /ˈsiː/
D Dee /ˈdiː/
E Eee /ˈiː/
F Eff /ˈɛf/
G Gee /ˈdʒiː/
H aitch /ˈeɪtʃ/
I I /ˈaɪ/
J Jay /ˈdʒeɪ/
K Kay /ˈkeɪ/
L Ell /ˈɛl/
M Em /ˈɛm/
N En /ˈɛn/
0 0 /ˈoʊ/
P Pee /ˈpiː/
Q Cue /ˈkjuː/
R Ar /ˈɑr/
S Ess /ˈɛs/
T Tee /ˈtiː/
U U /ˈjuː/
V Vee /ˈviː/
W Double -u /ˈdʌbəl.juː/
X Ex /ˈɛks/
Y Wye /ˈwaɪ/
Z zed /ˈzɛd/